|Package||Package||Wrapping which the goods are in. Note that it is a customs term.|
|Goods||Goods||Single products that are in the Consignment.|
eCommerce letter - when goods are in
|Documents or goods. Up to 2 kg. Format E if goods. Boxable (vs unboxable) (meaning they fit in a letterbox). Untracked (no ID), Tracked (you have a barcode, S10 barcode in UPU), Tracked and Insured (Insurance is another surcharge).
Tracked letters are registered and always have a POD (proof of delivery which is a tracking event).
|Shipment||Item/Consignment/Parcel/Shipment||Single Parcel/Item. One address, one recipient. Goods are in it. Shipment is identified by Shipment ID. In postal service, this is S10 barcode.
In eCommerce, Items are up to max 31.5 kg (express shipments can be a little bit heavier) while shipments can be, e.g., a car or part of a machine when "shipped".
Consignment can be a Parcel if it is a single one but the term is usually used to refer to a pallet or master box in which there are multiple items (parcels).
Item is always a single parcel or letter (called commercial item if instead of documents there are goods in it). In postal service, this is mail that does not meet the mail processing category of letter-size mail or flat-size mail. It is usually enclosed in a mailing container such as a carton. It can also be a Package.
Parcel: a postal item containing goods with or without commercial value, other than an item of correspondence, with a weight not exceeding 31.5 kg. [SOURCE: Regulation (EU) 2018/644 on cross-border parcel delivery services]
Shipment is also a very common term for Consignment (e.g., used in shipping solutions).
|Receptacle||Receptacle||Postal term. Bag or pallet. Bar-code is S9 (Postal despatches_Postal receptacles.pdf). There can be many layers of receptacles.
S9 Identifier is CN35 label bar-code. The S9 Identifier is created by automated postal despatch systems. It is physically printed in barcode and human-readable format on receptacle labels and is included in electronic messages. It is created by the origin OE (office of exchange) at the time of label creation and is used by the transit post, carriers (such as airlines) and the destination OE.
Consignment term UPU: Activity consisting of combining in a single batch items from several different senders or items addressed to several different addressees and conveying them. In our system, this is Receptacle.
|Dispatch||Dispatch||Everything that is sent via transport mode (in a plane or truck) from point A to point B.
UPU: Labelled bag or set of bags or other receptacles sealed with or without lead, containing postal items exchanged between postal establishments.
|Manifest||List of all goods. The cargo manifest solely lists the details of the goods (nature, quantity, types and numbers, sender, destination, etc.) and service for customs declaration of the goods.|
|Consolidator||A company providing preparation of mail/parcels, which are injected into the delivery operator’s mail/parcel pipeline.|
|Receiver||Recipient or Consignee|
|Shipper||Customer (account) who places the order. May be Platform.|
|Carrier||A service provider who organizes and/or carries out the actual transport of goods.|
|Logistic Service Provider (LSP)||A company that provides management over the flow of goods and materials between points of origin to end-use destination. The provider will often handle shipping, inventory, warehousing, packaging and security functions for shipments.
Any stakeholder who provides logistic services. Most common ones are 3PL, 4PL, last-mile, middle-mile, first-mile, but also air-freight, warehouse or customs agent.